Edelweiss (Leontopodium Alpinum) is not only the symbol of the Alps but has also become famous for its beauty, rarity, and exciting properties as an effective anti-oxidant. The edelweiss developed protective metabolites that nature has optimized over thousands and thousands of years during evolution. These compounds have useful skin-protecting properties.
In traditional Alpine medicine, Leontopodium alpinum was used to treat diarrhea and dysentery and as an astringent and tonic against coughs and diphtheria. Traditional German names “strahlendes Ruhrkraut” (“radiant dysentery herb”) and “ Bauchwehblume” (“stomach ache flower”) refer to these indications. The use of edelweiss in breast cancer treatment is mentioned, but its action is probably limited to exerting a soothing effect on irritated skin. In the Tyrol, edelweiss ointments were used against rheumatic pain. Another species, Leontopodium haplophylloides, has been used in traditional Tibetan medicine. Bactericidal flavonoids such as galangin have been isolated.
Edelweiss extract is derived from organically cultivated Edelweiss flowers grown at high altitudes in the Swiss Alps. There is an environmental impact on the wild stands of the rare protected plant. Plant-derived glycerin is used as the carrier, which provides a well-defined HPLC. Scientific studies revealed free radical scavenging, enzyme inhibitory properties, and soothing benefits of Edelweiss extract.
It exhibits high-performance antioxidant and radical-scavenging properties. The effects of phenolic acids derived from hydroxy-cinnamic acids, such as chlorogenic acid, are potentialized by tannins (inhibition of lipid peroxidation, free radical scavengers, superoxide ion formation inhibitors, leading to an increased type III collagen protection). In addition, the compounds contained in edelweiss display enzyme-inhibiting properties. They have, for example, been shown to inhibit hyaluronidase, 5-lipoxygenase, and elastase activation.
Active ingredients (or INCI)
What are the benefits of Edelweiss extract for skin?
Edelweiss extract contains a lot of biologically active compounds with multiple beneficial effects on the skin:
- Chlorogenic acid exhibits antioxidant activity, with potent radical-scavenging ability
- A duo of Luteolin-4-O-glucoside and Apigenin-7-glucoside inhibits Interleukin-5, leaving an anti-inflammatory effect
- Luteolin inhibits Hyaluronidase, improving HA levels, water retention, and smoothing fine lines. It also exhibits antineoplastic activity.
- Bisabolane derivatives have anti-inflammatory and soothing effects on the skin.
- Tannin is a natural antiseptic that also inhibits Hyaluronidase. It is a perfect antioxidant that prevents peroxidation and oxidative stress.
- Beta-sitosterol also leaves an anti-inflammatory effect, additionally exposing anti-fungal and bactericidal activy.